Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
Human Resource Development Group
CSIR-UGC National Eligibility Test (NET) for Junior Research
Fellowship and Lecturer-ship
1. Chemical periodicity
2. Structure and bonding in homo- and heteronuclear molecules, including shapes
of molecules (VSEPR Theory).
3. Concepts of acids and bases, Hard-Soft acid base concept, Non-aqueous
4. Main group elements and their compounds: Allotropy, synthesis, structure and
bonding, industrial importance of the compounds.
5. Transition elements and coordination compounds: structure, bonding theories,
spectral and magnetic properties, reaction mechanisms.
6. Inner transition elements: spectral and magnetic properties, redox chemistry,
7. Organometallic compounds: synthesis, bonding and structure, and reactivity.
Organometallics in homogeneous catalysis.
8. Cages and metal clusters.
9. Analytical chemistry- separation, spectroscopic, electro- and
10. Bioinorganic chemistry: photosystems, porphyrins, metalloenzymes, oxygen
transport, electron- transfer reactions; nitrogen fixation, metal complexes in
11. Characterisation of inorganic compounds by IR, Raman, NMR, EPR, Mössbauer,
UV-vis, NQR, MS, electron spectroscopy and microscopic techniques.
12. Nuclear chemistry: nuclear reactions, fission and fusion, radio-analytical
techniques and activation analysis.
1. Basic principles of quantum mechanics: Postulates; operator algebra;
exactly- solvable systems: particle-in-a-box, harmonic oscillator and the
hydrogen atom, including shapes of atomic orbitals; orbital and spin angular
2. Approximate methods of quantum mechanics: Variational principle;
perturbation theory up to second order in energy; applications.
3. Atomic structure and spectroscopy; term symbols; many-electron systems and
4. Chemical bonding in diatomics; elementary concepts of MO and VB theories;
Huckel theory for conjugated π-electron systems.
5. Chemical applications of group theory; symmetry elements; point groups;
character tables; selection rules. 6. Molecular spectroscopy: Rotational and
vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules; electronic spectra; IR and Raman
activities – selection rules; basic principles of magnetic resonance.
7. Chemical thermodynamics: Laws, state and path functions and their
applications; thermodynamic description of various types of processes; Maxwell’s
relations; spontaneity and equilibria; temperature and pressure dependence of
thermodynamic quantities; Le Chatelier principle; elementary description of
phase transitions; phase equilibria and phase rule; thermodynamics of ideal and
non-ideal gases, and solutions.
8. Statistical thermodynamics: Boltzmann distribution; kinetic theory of gases;
partition functions and their relation to thermodynamic quantities –
calculations for model systems.
9. Electrochemistry: Nernst equation, redox systems, electrochemical cells;
DebyeHuckel theory; electrolytic conductance – Kohlrausch’s law and its
applications; ionic equilibria; conductometric and potentiometric titrations.
10. Chemical kinetics: Empirical rate laws and temperature dependence; complex
reactions; steady state approximation; determination of reaction mechanisms;
collision and transition state theories of rate constants; unimolecular
reactions; enzyme kinetics; salt effects; homogeneous catalysis; photochemical
11. Colloids and surfaces: Stability and properties of colloids; isotherms and
surface area; heterogeneous catalysis.
12. Solid state: Crystal structures; Bragg’s law and applications; band
structure of solids.
13. Polymer chemistry: Molar masses; kinetics of polymerization.
14. Data analysis: Mean and standard deviation; absolute and relative errors;
linear regression; covariance and correlation coefficient.
1. IUPAC nomenclature of organic molecules including regio- and stereoisomers.
2. Principles of stereochemistry: Configurational and conformational isomerism
in acyclic and cyclic compounds; stereogenicity, stereoselectivity,
enantioselectivity, diastereoselectivity and asymmetric induction.
3. Aromaticity: Benzenoid and non-benzenoid compounds – generation and
4. Organic reactive intermediates: Generation, stability and reactivity of
carbocations, carbanions, free radicals, carbenes, benzynes and nitrenes.5.
Organic reaction mechanisms involving addition, elimination and substitution
reactions with electrophilic, nucleophilic or radical species. Determination of
6. Common named reactions and rearrangements – applications in organic
7. Organic transformations and reagents: Functional group interconversion
including oxidations and reductions; common catalysts and reagents (organic,
inorganic, organometallic and enzymatic). Chemo, regio and stereoselective
8. Concepts in organic synthesis: Retrosynthesis, disconnection, synthons,
linear and convergent synthesis, umpolung of reactivity and protecting groups.
9. Asymmetric synthesis: Chiral auxiliaries, methods of asymmetric induction –
substrate, reagent and catalyst controlled reactions; determination of
enantiomeric and diastereomeric excess; enantio-discrimination. Resolution –
optical and kinetic.
10. Pericyclic reactions – electrocyclisation, cycloaddition, sigmatropic
rearrangements and other related concerted reactions. Principles and
applications of photochemical reactions in organic chemistry.
11. Synthesis and reactivity of common heterocyclic compounds containing one or
two heteroatoms (O, N, S).
12. Chemistry of natural products: Carbohydrates, proteins and peptides, fatty
acids, nucleic acids, terpenes, steroids and alkaloids. Biogenesis of terpenoids
13. Structure determination of organic compounds by IR, UV-Vis, 1H & 13C NMR and
Mass spectroscopic techniques.
1. Chemistry in nanoscience and technology.
2. Catalysis and green chemistry.
3. Medicinal chemistry.
4. Supramolecular chemistry.
5. Environmental chemistry.